EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND CHANGING DISINFECTANTS ON STEEL WATER PIPES CORROSION: CASE STUDY OF MASHHAD, IRAN
Journal: Water Conservation and Management (WCM)
Author: Mobin Rahimi-Golkhandan, Shahnaz Danesh, Ali Davoodi
Print ISSN : 2523-5664
Online ISSN : 2523-5672
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
Water pipe corrosion inflicts big health problems and financial damages to societies. Temperature, pH, type, and dosage of oxidants, and DO are some of the key factors that affect water pipe corrosion. The aim of this research is to assess the impacts of temperature (15 and 25oC), dosage of potassium permanganate (0, 1 and 2 mg/L) and sodium hypochlorite (0, 0.5 and 1 mg/L) on corrosion of steel pipes. To measure the corrosion of steel specimens, OCP, EIS and potentiodynamic polarization tests were conducted. The results showed a direct relationship between temperature and corrosion rate. A 10-degree raise in the temperature, caused a 25% increase in corrosion current density (CCD). Adding sodium hypochlorite to the solution, decreases CCD by around 50%. Moreover, potassium permanganate proved to have a positive impact on reducing CCD by up to 21%. The results demonstrate that simultaneous usage of NaClO and KMnO4 for water disinfection can have beneficial impact on corrosion of steel pipes. Finally, our analysis suggests that when combined with KMnO4, lower dosage of NaClO significantly increases polarization resistance. The findings of this research highlight the impact of disinfectants on steel water pipes corrosion in different temperatures and supports water infrastructure decision-makers in more effective rehabilitation and maintenance of water pipes. Further, our results inform decision-makers for a more effective infrastructure design and resilience planning to random failures caused by corrosion.